Effect of alcohol on blood pressure PMC

1 grudnia 2020

A lot of people shouldn’t drink at all for specific reasons — family history of alcoholism or heart or liver disease, he says. But if you have no hereditary risk factors, a glass (for women) or up to two (for men) may be justified, depending on your age. If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you will need to work with your physician to develop a plan to manage it. In some cases, hypertension can be reversed through lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and reducing or eliminating alcohol intake. The linkage reported in many of these studies may be due to other lifestyle factors rather than alcohol.

blood pressure medications and alcohol

The main limitation of the study is the non-standardized measurement of blood pressure. We were able to correct for some potential bias by adjusting for study site, but measurement error was inevitable since the COMBINE Study was not designed to assess blood pressure as a treatment outcome. Systematic error may have been introduced if blood pressure measurement error was directly related to alcohol consumption.

Older Adults

Add excessive use of alcohol to the regular use of a medication that is hard on the liver, and the potential for harm can soar. The analysis found that about 42% of adults who drink also use medications known to interact with alcohol. Nearly 78% of older adults (over 65 years of age) who drink use such medications. Among the most frequent drinkers (5 to 7 drinks per week), about 38% use prescription medications that can interact with alcohol.

  • In this article, we’ll explore how alcohol affects blood pressure, the side effects of losartan, and the potential risks of mixing the two.
  • Subjects included participants in the COMBINE Study, a large multicenter alcohol dependence treatment trial completed in 2004 [13].
  • We did not identify enough studies to construct a funnel plot for the outcomes under low doses of alcohol.
  • A 2019 study suggests that drinking hibiscus tea twice per day alongside lifestyle and dietary strategies may help reduce blood pressure in people with stage 1 hypertension.

Calcium channel blockers, like amlodipine (Norvasc), prevent this calcium buildup. By limiting the amount of angiotensin released into the body, blood vessels can relax and open more, pumping blood at a slower rate. alcohol lowers blood pressure You need to determine your lifestyle and genetic risk factors first, says Arthur Klatsky, MD, an investigator for Kaiser Permanente’s research division and formerly its chief of cardiology in Oakland, CA.

Blood Pressure Reduction During Treatment for Alcohol Dependence: Results from the COMBINE Study

Regularly checking your blood pressure at home can help you and your health care team know if your treatment is working. Home blood pressure checks do not replace visits to a health care professional. Always take blood pressure medicines as directed and get regular blood pressure checkups. In all three exams, most respondents had ideal smoking behaviors (never smoked or had quit at least 1 year prior), but most also had diets considered poor by AHA criteria.

Data sources include Micromedex (updated 2 Jan 2024), Cerner Multum™ (updated 16 Nov 2023), ASHP (updated 11 Dec 2023) and others. Demographic variables included in this analysis were age, gender, and ethnicity. Detailed ethnic data was obtained by self-report during baseline assessment. For this analysis we categorized ethnicity as African American, non-Hispanic white, Hispanic, and “other”.

deLorenzo 1988 published data only

Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats. Researchers found that people who drank beetroot juice had reduced systolic blood pressure compared with those who did not drink the juice. Systolic blood pressure is the pressure in a person’s arteries when their heart beats. Read on to learn more about alcohol and blood pressure, as well as what drinks may benefit a person who has hypertension and when to talk with a doctor. The type of medicine used to treat high blood pressure depends on your overall health and how high your blood pressure is.

Methodological differences between studies might have affected measurement of the reported outcomes. Recent research suggests that automated ambulatory blood pressure monitors are more reliable than manual sphygmomanometers, particularly because automated monitors reduce white coat anxiety (Mirdamadi 2017). Of the 32 included studies, seven studies used a manual mercury sphygmomanometer or a semi‐automated sphygmomanometer for BP measurement (Bau 2005; Dai 2002; Karatzi 2005; Kojima 1993; Potter 1986; Rossinen 1997; Van De Borne 1997). Mixing of various measurement techniques (manual, semi‐automated, and fully automated) in the meta‐analysis might have led to some of the heterogeneity. We also did not rate the certainty of evidence based on the funding sources of studies or on lack of a registered protocol because we did not think this would affect the effect estimates for these outcomes. However, we noted the lack of description of randomisation and allocation concealment methods in most of the included studies as a reason for downgrading because of the possibility of selection bias.

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